We really enjoy getting out on the road and meeting with customers that have been with us for a long time and those customers that are brand new too! We love talking with you and hearing your stories about the new inventive ways you’ve found to use Bye Bye Odor and seeing how we can help you get fewer and fewer flies at your place each year. We have been overwhelmed with the great response to our new spray Bye Bye Insects, if you have not had a chance to try it come by and see how great it smells and feels on your skin.
These are great events and we hope you’ll make it to some. Please stop by and say hello! We have a gift for our customers we see.
Equine Affaire – From April 11th to the 14th, we will be at Equine Affaire in the Ohio Expo Center located in Columbus, Ohio. Take home a bonus bag of bugs when you place your Fly Predator order for the season and get your Free RMM cartoon or Kenneth Wyatt Calendar! No purchase required if you want only a calendar. While at the booth check out the new best smelling fly spray for people and animals, Bye Bye Insects spray. Come try it and see why it is quickly becoming the must have fly spray. More event info at www.EquineAffaire.com/Ohio
Midwest Horse Fair – We will be at the Midwest Horse Fair inside the Alliant Energy Center in Madison, Wisconsin from April 12th to 14th. Our very own Larry Garner is a presenter on getting rid of That Last Stinkin’ Fly. Come to watch his highly entertaining and simultaneously educational talk and don’t forget to stop by our booth and place your Fly Predator order for the season and get your Free RMM cartoon or Kenneth Wyatt Calendar! No purchase required if you want only a calendar. While at the booth check out the new best smelling fly spray for people and animals, Bye Bye Insects spray. Come try it and see why it is quickly becoming the must have fly spray. Don’t forget, this show offers a terrific big league PRCA Rodeo on Friday and Saturday evenings! More event info at www.MidwestHorseFair.com
Western States Horse Expo – From May 9th to the 12th, Join us at Western States Horse Expo’s new location at The Murieta Equestrian Center in beautiful Rancho Murieta, Ca. This show has the biggest line up of top clinicians. To name only a few presenters you’ll be able to see; Eitan Beth-Halachmy and Pat Parelli. Pick up your Free RMM cartoon Calendar just by stopping by our booth. No purchase required. Don’t forget to place your Fly Predator order for the season at the Expo and we’ll give you a bonus bag of bugs to take home! Dr. Miller (aka RMM) will be at our booth signing books, calendars and will have his other videos and books available. While at the booth check out the new best smelling fly spray for people and animals, Bye Bye Insects spray. Come try it and see why it is quickly becoming the must have fly spray. More event info at www.HorseExpo.com
National Little Britches National Finals Rodeo – From July 2nd to July 7th we’ll be at the National Little Britches Finals in Guthrie, OK. Little Britches is a youth rodeo associations for kids ages 5 – 18. The finals are the top qualifiers from 26 states across the nation. We are proud to be a sponsor of this fine organization with the aim of developing character, self-reliance, good sportsmanship and encouragement through competition in the great sport of rodeo for western youth. You’ll likely see future NFR competitors at this event. More information is at nlbra.com.
Horse Expo Pomona – From October 8th to 9th, we will be at the Fairplex in Pomona, California for the Horse Expo. This is the southern version of the two largest California horse shows. Western States Horse Expo near Sacramento in May is the other big show and we’ll be there too! Horse Expo offers great presentations, demonstrations, competitions, the Young Rider Park, Art, Trucks and Trailers galore plus much more. Pat Parelli and Richard Winters will be presenting. Place your Fly Predator order for the season and take home a bonus bag of bugs and your Free RMM Cartoon Calendar autographed by Dr. Miller or Kenneth Wyatt Cowboy Art Calendar. No purchase required if you only want a calendar. While at the booth check out the new best smelling fly spray for people and animals, Bye Bye Insects spray. Come try it and see why it is quickly becoming the must have fly spray. More info at www.HorseExpoEvents.com
Cowboy Dressage World Top Hand Finals - From October 8th to the 13th we be attending the Cowboy Dressage World Top Hand Finals at Rancho Murrieta equestrian center. We are proud to be sponsoring this organization and the discipline. Come join us for a fun event. If you have not heard of Cowboy Dressage World please check the cool things they are doing.
Equine Affaire – From November 7th to 10th we will be at the Eastern State Exposition Center, West Springfield Massachusetts. This is the largest equine event in the country with dozens of presenters. Come by our booth to get your FREE 2020 Cowboy Art and Cartoon Calendars that will be fresh of the press. While at the booth check out the new best smelling fly spray for people and animals, Bye Bye Insects spray. Come try it and see why it is quickly becoming the must have fly spray. More information at www.equineaffaire.com
ZAA - From November 15th to 18th we will be attending the Zoological Association of America’s annual conference. We enjoy helping zoos keeping their animals fly free and happy. From Rhinoceroses to Zebras to Monkeys we can keeps the flies away. This year it will be in Montgomery, AL.
AAEP – From December 7th to 11th we will be at the American Association of Equine Practitioners 64th Convention, in Denver, CO. This is the show that many equine Veterinarians attend each year for seminars and education. As Lyle Lovett said a few years ago when he performed here… “This is the week that horse owners say a little prayer for their animals. Please don’t get sick during AAEP”. More information at http://www.aaep.org/
Vegas Tuffest Jr. World Championship - From December 5th to 8th we’ll be in Las Vegas at the event that Mike and Sherrylynn Johnson produce that is a must watch youth event. I guess that what happens when you have a 23 time NFR qualifier tie down roper and 4 time NFR qualifier barrel racer running the deal. At this event you’ll see the best of the best with the winner taking home $10,000! It’s a really fun event you don’t want to miss. Free live video streaming if you can’t make it. More info at http://www.johnsonsportline.com
If you’ve had an unusually wet spring and temperatures are now ramping up, house flies are coming! Below is the who, what, when, where, and why...and how to help reduce the impact.
Who’s going to be most likely to have problems with house flies?
Anyone who has received a lot of rain and has warming temperatures, especially if you have had flooding or standing water that has been preventing manure clean-up and or removal or keeping manure in pastures damp.
What exactly is coming?
House flies can be a nuisance because they bother our animals faces, sit on everything, and bug our food, but they do NOT bite. House flies may cluster around horses’ eyes or around areas other biting flies like horse flies and stable flies have already drawn blood. Aside from the nuisance factor, house flies can also spread many types of bacteria that can make people sick. Females of these flies can lay up to 150 eggs at a time and lay several clutches in a lifetime. That means every female biting stable fly has the potential to produce nearly 1,000 offspring in her lifetime!
When is this population explosion of house flies likely to happen?
NOW! If you’ve had a wet spring and have been starting to get hot during the day, you’ve probably already noticed flies hanging around. If you don’t have them yet, they’re going to start very soon.
Where are all these flies coming from?!
House flies like to breed in manure, food waste, compost, spilled feed, and other areas of decaying organic matter. Unlike biting stable flies, house flies do not breed abundantly in areas of only decaying vegetation.
Why are things worse this year?
With extra rain and flooding, areas that typically dry out before a house fly can complete its lifecycle are staying damp long enough to churn out one or more generations of house flies. For example, single piles of manure in pasture that normally dry quickly may be staying damp for over a week due to standing water, saturated soil, and dense plant matter. Similarly, if you normally spread your manure, if you’ve had a wet spring, areas where manure was spread may not be drying out like before.
How can I reduce the impact?
#1 Sanitation, sanitation, sanitation! Try and keep manure picked up as much as possible, even in turn outs and pastures. While it is wet, pile manure rather than spread. Piled manure will begin to compost and generate heat, which can kill developing fly larvae. If possible, turn the edges of piles up to the top every few days to thoroughly cook larvae surviving in the cooler outer edges.
#2 Add more Fly Predators to match the much higher number of fly larvae (maggots) that survive to the pupal (cocoons) stage. This happens due to the moisture of manure and other rotting organic matter remaining in the 40%-60% range. If you are unable to pick up pastures or turnouts, you will want to try and get more Fly Predators out in those areas. Remember though that Fly Predators only travel about 150ft, so it is better to spread very small amounts in many places in the pasture until things dry out enough to where manure is completely dry all the way through within 5 days or less.
#3 Add traps. House flies can be caught with a couple types of common traps. One is odor traps such as the Terminator Pro, Giant Fly Relief Bag, and Trap N’ Toss by StarBar, the other are yellow sticky traps such as the EZ Trap by StarBar. However, it is very important to use both traps in appropriate places. Odor traps are the smelly traps you add water to. These traps are attractant traps that draw flies in from some distance. Because of this, DO NOT place odor traps within 100-200 ft of barns, buildings, homes, or other areas you want to keep flies away from. Instead, use odor traps to draw flies away from those areas by placing them around 150-200 ft away. To trap flies already nearby, use yellow sticky traps. Yellow is an attractive color to house flies but will not attract flies from a distance, so these are ok to use inside barns and other buildings.
Watch our How to Use Fly Traps.
#4 With flies coming in from off your property, you may also need to resort to fly spray this year. Our new Bye Bye Insects Fly Spray is the first essential oil spray that matches the performance of the very best synthetic Pyrethroid sprays. But unlike those, it can be used on yourself and your horses. It’s also effective for Mosquitoes. It smells nice too.! If house flies are getting in your home, you can spray Bye Bye Insects around the door frames to repel flies hanging out near there waiting to zoom in when the door opens. Bye Bye Insects will stain light colored hair on horses, so we do not recommend use on white, gray, or pinto show horses or horses where staining is a problem. The staining does wear off, but does not wash off.
This helpful blog is by our amazing entomologist Jessica Starcevich! Thanks Jess!!!!
Biting Stable Flies are also going to be excessive for regions who experienced extra wet Springs coupled with temps rising up now, so check out specific for those pests as well! Click HERE!
A cold Spring delayed fly season in much of the country. Many of us have also experienced a lot of rain. As temperatures begin to rise rapidly across the country, all that moisture means fly season is going to start with a bang. Make sure you’re prepared.
First, if you haven’t already, make sure to get your Fly Predators ordered. Don’t wait until you see a lot of flies. If you still need to order, give us a call at 800-737-2753 or click here.Second, we’re all short on time, so make sure to use it wisely. All the moisture this spring may be leaving you with muddy lots, growing manure piles and areas you just can’t get clean until it dries. If you’ve been keeping your manure pile stacked tall, it is generating a lot of heat. Getting that removed can be placed on the back burner as far as flies are concerned because that heat will cook most of what is growing in there and only the cooler bottom edges will support fly growth. Areas to do first are where things like hay, weeds or grass clippings have gotten beaten into the ground. Even without manure, these areas can breed a lot of Biting Stable flies. If you’re not going to be able to clean them up quickly, don’t forget to treat those areas with some Fly Predators. This includes compost, drainage ditches, areas of runoff and any other areas with decaying vegetation. For more information on where flies breed click here.Third, if you already have flies starting and are worried you may be behind the curve, consider using traps to catch those early adults. If House Flies (the ones on your horse’s face) are bothering you, try a sticky EZ Trap in areas where flies hang out or use odor traps, such as the Giant Fly Relief Bag, placed at least 150ft away from areas you don’t want flies. Odor traps are used to attract flies to a location you don’t care about. Never put smelly traps in or near your barn or back door. Don’t forget to get rid of those traps when they’re full though, or you may be creating more flies as the larvae can climb back out of those traps when there is not enough water to drown them. If the leg Biting Stable Flies are the problem, try the Bite Free Stable Fly Trap. To learn more about what types of traps to use for what types of flies and how to use them click here. Watch the video on using traps.Finally, Bye Bye Insects, our new principally Essential Oil-based fly spray can help give your horses some relief from flies while Fly Predators get to work. This great smelling spray can be used at varying dilutions from 50% to full strength depending on your horse and fly pressure. Bye Bye Insects is the only Essential Oil-based fly spray that can keep up with synthetic pesticides. Plus, you can use it on yourself as well! Keep flies and mosquitoes away from you and your horses at home, on the trail, or at the show with Bye Bye Insects. Be cautioned however, this spray can stain white or light-colored hair/clothing. This disappears over time but does not wash out readily. More info click here.Summer is finally coming, make sure you’re ready!
Lulu was the only Donkey I have owned. She was one of my patients in a petting zoo, which was part of the facilities at a children’s summer camp in the mountains not far from my home.
The petting zoo included miniature horses, pot-bellied pigs, lambs, goats, ducks and Lulu.
Lulu was a full sized burro. The camp adopted her as a foal for the children to enjoy, but when she was two years of age the camp director told me that she had grown “too big” for the petting zoo and that he wanted to donate her to somebody who would provide her with a good home.
I had been thinking for some time of getting a donkey to control the weed growth in our highly inflammable canyon, especially outside my fence lines on our neighbors’ ranch properties. So, I said, “I’ll be glad to take her. She can be good company for my horses.”
That’s how I came to own Lulu, and she came to educate me, to understand the donkey mind and how it differs from the horse’s mind, and, importantly, she helped me to understand and appreciate the hybrid mule.
For example, as soon as I got her home I got a long rope, attached it to her halter, and tied her to an oak tree. She immediately started grazing the tall spring grass around the oak. I stood by with a sharp knife, ready to help her if she became entangled. I knew that, although halter broke, she had never before been staked out on a long tie rope.
It took about 15 minutes before she stepped into a loop of the rope. Then after another 5 or 10 minutes, the rope encircled another leg. As she moved out away from the tree the slack came out of the rope and tightened around her legs. Soon it disabled her. She went down. A horse, two years of age and never having been staked out, would have struggled and probably suffered rope burns or worse.
Lulu, however, quietly sniffed and examined the ropes encircling her legs, gently tried to free them by moving them, and then gave up. She sighed, laid her head on the ground, sighed again and then just relaxed.
Her behavior was so different than that of a horse experiencing a new and incapacitating situation that I marveled at the good judgment this species was capable of.
A few years later, when I became a mule owner, breeder, trainer, and admirer, this experience with Lulu, and several others led to my attitude towards mules; I often say, “I love horses! I respect mules!”
The dog has been called "Man's Best Friend", and I do not dispute this. The cow has been called "The Mother of Mankind". I can accept this. But, if these things are true, then surely the horse has been "Man's Best Servant". However, a servant can quit the job if abused, so perhaps the horse should be called "Man's Best Slave".
I submit that the horse has, of all domestic animals, been the most important to mankind. Those societies, which had the horse, had the most progressive cultures. The Australian aborigines had only the dog. The Natives of North America had only the dog. Those of South America had the dog, the llama, and the guinea pig. Most of Africa did not have the horse, except in the far North, along the Mediterranean Sea, and it was there that the most advanced civilizations occurred.
But Europe and Asia had the horse, along with sheep, goats, cattle, swine, and the dog. The horse gave humans the ability to travel long distances at relatively high rates of speed, enabling mankind to spread their knowledge, their skills, their religions, their technologies, and their genes. Countless millions of horses died for mankind at work and in our wars.
In World War II, for example, our highly technical war, the war that gave birth to the atomic bomb, and the jet airplane, millions of horses died. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II, it did so with 740,000 horses and mules and 4,300 veterinarians. Both the Soviets and the Germans each lost more than a thousand horses a day. Germany used 2-1/2 million horses in World War II and the Soviets used 3 million.
At one point, the Germans surrounded 2 Cossack divisions. Each Russian had to kill his own horse until 12,000 dead horses blanketed the ground.
When the Germans were surrounded at Stalingrad, and ordered by Hitler to fight to the death, they killed 32,000 horses to keep the soviets from getting them.
Towards the end of the war, a German cavalry division fled into Budapest as the Soviets advanced. The division had 22,000 troops. Only 650 survived. None of the horses did.
So, how has mankind rewarded the horse? To a great extent, with abuse and most of this abuse has not been the result of intentional cruelty, but to ignorance; and failure to understand the behavior of this physically powerful but extremely timid prey creature whose only effective means of surviving predation is flight.
When I graduated veterinary school in 1956, the horse population of the U.S.A. was down to 2.2 million, one tenth of what it had been 50 years earlier in 1906. After 6,000 years of domestication, the horse had become obsolete, made so by the internal combustion engine. Automobiles, tractors and trucks had largely replaced the horse.
I wanted to practice, at least partially, with horses, so my only alternatives at the time seemed to be the racetrack or a cattle ranching area where the horse would continue to serve its traditional role. I had worked at the racetrack as a student, and wasn't interested in it. So, I located in a ranching area filled with cattle ranches and horse farms. I could not foresee that half a century later, this region would be largely suburbanized, and home to countless pleasure and show horses of every possible breed and discipline.
Today, there are more than 9 million equines in the U.S.A., but their role has changed. True working horses continue to lessen in numbers. The increase is almost entirely due to horses used for recreational purposes. When I say "recreation", I include racehorses, show horses, pleasure and trail horses, therapeutic riding horses and even horses kept exclusively as companion animals, or pets.
Then, less than a decade into the 21sl Century, a new problem arose: The Unwanted Horse! This problem has multiple causes:
1. Excessive breeding, causing a surplus of horses especially when combined with:
2. Early orthopedic lameness from excessive work while young, leading to unsoundness
3. A depressed economy and
4. A prolonged drought both occurring after:
5. The slaughter ban
I'm old enough to remember when most of the dog food we purchased when I was a child contained horsemeat.
I'm also a veteran of World War II and I am sure that I unknowingly ate horsemeat during those war years because it was widely marketed as beef.
Now, there is no question that the horse slaughter industry needed reform. The transport of horses was often unacceptable. The handling and actual slaughter of horses at the packing plants was often unacceptable. But, as so often happens when evils are corrected in human societies, we over-react and end up creating new problems.
When the present day anti-slaughter bans were legislated, I predicted that, in eliminating one set of problems, we would, because emotion interferes with reason and common sense, end up by creating new and even bigger problems. And, that's exactly what has happened.
Today, nearly 40,000 Mustangs, culled from feral herds because of overpopulation and environmental damage, waste their life away, at taxpayers' expense, in crowded corrals, because of the slaughter ban. A few are adopted, but most spend their life as unwanted horses.
Because of our depressed economy, many people are unable to afford to properly feed and care for their horses. Some of these people, unable to make rational decisions, allow their horses to starve and waste away. We constantly hear of legal action being taken in such cases.
Other people, self deceptive, turn their horses loose on public lands, or on private agricultural lands.
I learned as a practitioner, that the people who need to get rid of a dog, and dump it by some farm or ranch gate, are not intentionally cruel. I've had dogs and even domestic rabbits dumped at my rural property. These people can't deal with reality. They practice denial. They tell themselves, their children and other people, "Oh! We found a nice home for our pet in the country." It's because they do not have the courage to take their unwanted pet to a dog pound or animal shelter.
Now, we are seeing the same thing with horses. Before the slaughter ban, such people took the unwanted horse to an auction sale. It was usually purchased by a slaughter company, but they told themselves that, "we sold her. She has a new home."
But, there is another reason for the plethora of unwanted horses, and it's a reason we don't hear about. We hear about the economy and about the surplus of horses, but we don't hear about the leading reason for unwanted horses, and that is unsoundness.
I recently made a new video; the first one I've done which has nothing to do with equine behavior. The title is Lameness: Its Cause and Prevention. In it, I list the eleven causes of lameness in horses, including: old age, defective conformation, malnutrition, lack of exercise, injury from an unsafe environment, inappropriate working ground surface, improper foot care, laminitis, infection, genetic predisposition, and - The leading cause of lameness: Excessive work in the immature horse. This is the leading cause of lameness ending up with unwanted horses.
If it is a mare and she goes lame at 5 or 6 or 7 years of age, she ends up as a broodmare, probably passing her predisposition to lameness on to her offspring.
If the horse is a male, unless it is the exceptional stallion that has won a lot of money, he ends up as an unwanted horse.
When I was young, we started horses under saddle and 4 or 5 years of age, and we called them "colts". When I became a veterinarian the only futurities were in the racing industry, and 70% of those young horses suffered premature orthopedic injuries often ending their career. A 2-year-old horse is a baby. A pre-adolescent. Even if the epiphyses are closed radiographically, these are immature horses. Today we have barrel racing futurities, cutting futurities, reining futurities and so on.
Several years ago, the A.A.E.P. met in Dallas. The cutting horse futurities were being held in nearby Fort Worth and 3 colleagues from Sweden asked me if I could somehow get them to see the futurity. I got a local colleague, one of my former interns, with a car to take the 5 of us to Fort Worth that evening.
We watched 3 horses compete, and then one of the Swedes, a professor at the vet school in Uppsala said, "This is incredible. It must take many years to train a horse to do this."
"But", I protested. "This is a futurity."
"I do not know what this word means", my Swedish colleague replied.
"These are 3 year olds", I explained.
"They have only had one year of training". The professor looked thoughtful. Then, he said, "I have only two comments. What amazing performance, and what is happening to their poor legs?
When dressage became popular in my area, at first the horses were nearly all retired unsuccessful Thoroughbred racehorses. Then imported Warmbloods started to arrive from Europe. I asked several of my clients why they were willing to pay such high prices for the Warmbloods.
"Because they stay sound," I was told. But, I knew why they stayed sound. They weren't started until they were four, and weren't campaigned hard until five. Also, the arena surfaces in Western Europe were resilient. Ours were often too hard or made of deep sand, which has no resiliency and stresses the soft tissues severely.
So, we Americans started them at two and they broke down prematurely.
Ironically, today many Europeans are starting their horses at two, and a high percentage breakdown before middle age.
Why do we do this?
We do it because of mankind's two major faults: Greed and Ignorance.
We start immature horses and severely stress their limbs because of greed. If breeders can sell colts a year earlier it saves them a lot of money in feed bills, veterinary and farrier bills.
It's much easier for trainers to start colts as 2 year olds than later. They are more submissive when immature. It's easier to get desirable performance in a youngster. One of the nation's top reining horse trainers acknowledged this to me, admitted how much easier it was, and regretfully admitted that it was a major contributor to the cause of lameness. Sadly, he calls them "Disposable Horses".
When I moved to California in 1957, my wife rode cutting horses for one of my clients. As a result, I went to quite a few weekend competitions. One horse I saw at every event was a gelding named "Smokey Joe." One day I saw him yawn. I was startled to see a 20-year-old mouth. I said to the mounted owner," How old is he?"
"Nineteen," he replied.
"Wow," I said. "And he cuts every weekend and is perfectly sound and his legs are perfectly clean."
"I cut on him every day" the rider replied. "He's one tough horse. But then, he wasn't broke to ride until he was nine."
The other factor is ignorance. Most of the people who own these horses are naive. They see all the breeders and all the trainers approving so they assume it's okay.
Equine practitioners are kept busy injecting joints, not only therapeutically, but also prophylactically.
The pharmaceutical industry advertises its products in lay horse publications, and encourages the use of intra-articular preparations to prevent lameness. Can you imagine this happening in the world of promising high school athletes?
Remember, Mary Lou Retton, the 13-year-old Olympic Gold Medal gymnast? Still a young woman, I saw her on TV endorsing a brand of hip replacements. Too much work at too young an age!
A recent study revealed that growing colts that got exercise had better musculoskeletal development than under exercised colts. Of course! But that doesn't mean that the extreme stresses involved in racing, reining, jumping, and cutting are beneficial to the young, immature colt.
Why do we do these things to an animal that will actually die for us? Why does soreing still go on in the Tennessee Walking Horse competitions? Why are we still seeing "peanut rollers" in Western Pleasure classes; downhill horses that are throwing excessive weight on the forelimbs contributing to premature lameness? Why are we seeing unnecessary low head carriage in cutting and reining horses? Why do judges give such horses preference? Why do the breed associations not disqualify such judges? We know that excess weight on the forehand contributes to orthopedic disease. Why do we see hyperflexion of the head and neck increasingly in Western horses, English horses and dressage horses? Our German colleague, Dr. Gerd Heuschmann is condemned by some because he has dared to expose the physical and mental damage done to the horse by "Rollkur", the ridiculous and grotesque excessive head and neck hyperflexion approved by so many dressage judges.
Recently, at last, the AVMA Journal has campaigned for more humane horsemanship. We are the most qualified people to help stop these tragic practices. They contribute to crippling innocent horses. They are overworked at too young an age and increase the rate of premature unsoundness. Unnaturally, low head carriage and hyperflexion of the head and neck are incompatible with truly good horsemanship. We, as a profession should protest these excesses.
Let me be clear, I am not opposed to the sports of racing or horse shows. These activities have helped to produce superior horses. But both sports are replete with abusive elements and if we doctors of veterinary medicine vigorously condemn these grotesque practices, there will be fewer "Unwanted Horses" in the future.
Solving the Unwanted Horse Problem
1. Abolish the slaughter ban. Restore equine slaughter with rigidly enforced regulations on transport, handling and actual slaughter.
2. Allow mustang programs to be set up and supervised by scientifically qualified professionals. Do not allow the opinions of unqualified individuals to determine policy.
3. Let the veterinary profession, in conjunction with selected and approved horsemanship masters, recommend the rules for using horses in all horse show disciplines, horse racing, and other competitive events. This is in order to minimize abusive techniques.
4. Make it a felony to abandon a horse on public or private property, and enforce the law.
If all 4 of the above were done, it would dramatically reduce the presently huge number of unwanted horses.
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